1. What Are Cookies?
Cookies are small text strings that the sites visited by the user to send its terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being transmitted back to the same sites at the next visit to the same user. During the navigation of a site, the user can receive on his terminal even cookies that are sent from different web sites or servers (the "Third Party"), on which they may reside some elements (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages on other domains) on the same site that are visiting.
Cookies, usually present in browsers of users in very large numbers and sometimes even large temporal persistence characteristics, are used for different purposes: running computer authentication, tracking sessions, storing information about specific configurations regarding the users who access server, etc.
2. What are the main types of Cookies?
In this regard, and for the purposes of this provision, therefore identify two main categories: cookies "technical" and cookies "profiling".
a. Technical cookies.
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of "carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service "(cfr. art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Privacy Code).
They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed by the owner or operator of the website. Can be divided into the navigation cookies or session, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to the technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate form, the number of users and how they visit the site; functionality of cookies, that allow a user browsing the function of a set of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the same. For the installation of these cookies you are not required the prior approval of the users.
b. Cookies profiling.
The profiling cookies are designed to create their profiles to you and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the same part of surfing the net. Given the considerable invasiveness that such devices may have within the private sphere of the users, the European and Italian legislation requires the user to be properly informed on the use of the same and express their valid consent. Article refers to them. 122 of the Privacy Code when it provides that "the storage of information in the terminal equipment of a contractor or a user or access to information already stored, are only allowed on condition that the contractor or the user has given his consent after It has been informed by the simplified procedures provided for in Article 13 Privacy Code, paragraph 3 ".
Session and Persistent Cookies
The Session Cookies, which contain information that is used in your current browser session. These cookies are automatically deleted when you close your browser. Nothing is stored on your computer over the site's uptime (ASP.NET_SessionId and language).
The Persistent Cookies (type ASPXANONYMOUS), which are used to maintain information that is used in the period between the accesses another website, or used for technical purposes and to improve navigation on the site. This data allows sites to recognize that you are user or a previous visitor and adapts accordingly. "Persistent" cookies have a life that is set by the web site and that can vary from a few minutes to several years.
First Party Cookies and Third Party
Account should be taken of the different subject that installs cookies on the user's terminal, depending on whether it is the same site manager that the user is visiting (which may be briefly referred to as "publisher") or a different site that installs cookies through the first (so-called "third parties").
The First Party Cookies, created and read by the site that created them.
Cookies third parties, which are created and readable from external domains to the site and whose data are kept by the third party.
3. How can we deny the consent to each of the profiling cookies
To refuse consent to the use of one or more cookies profiling you can follow the procedure for disabling scheduled by major browsers:
Microsoft Windows Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-vista/block-or-allow-cookies
Mozilla Firefox: http://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/Enabling%20and%20disabling%20cookies
Google Chrome: https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/61416?hl=it
Apple Safari: http://www.apple.com/legal/privacy/
To disable Flash Cookies: http://www.macromedia.com/support/documentation/en/flashplayer/help/settings_manager02.html#118539